The deputy of the Zhytomyr Regional Council from the OPPOSITION BLOC Natalia Rybak stated this during a meeting with MPs, representatives of the Inter-Factional Association “Women. Peace. Security”.
The start of decentralization in Ukraine was given at the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe. According to the agreement, until 2014 it was necessary to introduce absolutely all the necessary changes in the legislative acts of Ukraine, after which to begin directly the very process of decentralization.
“As of 2012, Ukraine has already formed a consensus on the need to reform local self-government. The general model of reform was also defined. However, already in 2015, the Congress of Local Self-Government, to which I was a Ukrainian delegation in 2011-2015, offered us a choice of any system we like, the only condition was to do everything right,” Natalia Rybak said.
The burden on local budgets is increasing every year. The new articles are mainly related to the financing of medicine, education and the provision of benefits. However, the regions and united territorial communities are not able to cover all the social expenditures themselves, but people, first of all, suffer.
“For example: in the region three joint communities have already been created. Now the question arises as to how to maintain the hospital, because the district budget, because of the reduction of state financing, no longer has the opportunity to do it themselves. At the same time the united territorial community thinks how much it can or cannot allocate funds from its own, also modest, budget. And the district hospital must necessarily work and provide timely and high-quality services,” the opposition MP said.
“The situation when all 25 village councils of the district are subsidized does not correspond to European practice. Therefore, Ukraine needs pragmatic proposals for decentralization. And it is also important to establish cooperation at all levels – between united territorial community, regional and central authorities. The main goal of decentralization is self-sufficiency of communities and provision of services to the population of the European level,” Natalia Rybak summarized.