MP from the OPPOSITION BLOC Kostiantyn Pavlov said during a briefing in the Verkhovna Rada on Wednesday, May 16.
He noted that now the situation with the functioning of higher education institutions I-II levels of accreditation - colleges and technical schools - is close to critical. The work and very existence of technical colleges and colleges jeopardized the adoption of the State Budget-2018 and the introduction of corresponding changes in the Budget Code.
"I was approached by the directors of five such educational institutions that are part of the structure of the Krivoy Rog National University. The reason for their concern is the situation with the training of junior specialists in the field of Ukrainian education. And this is for today - 65 thousand teachers, employees and 525 thousand students," the parliamentarian said.
Kostiantyn Pavlov said that it was decided to divide the colleges and technical schools into two categories. "Those that are independent legal entities, retain state status, but are transferred to funding from local budgets. And colleges and technical schools that operate in the universities remain on the state budget. Moreover, with the adoption of the state budget and the scoring of this norm in the Verkhovna Rada hall, the prime minister said that the local budgets will be additionally allocated 19 billion UAH educational subvention. And this, they say, will block all costs of local authorities, including the maintenance of colleges and technical schools.
However, in practice, colleges and technical schools acting as structural units of universities, funding was allocated only for four months. Moreover, due to the use of funds from universities. As they continue to be financed, the question remains open," the opposition politician noted.
According to him, due to the lack of a corresponding program for financing junior specialists in the State Budget-2018, universities, providing them, in fact violate the norms of budget legislation.
"Colleges and technical schools, which have the status of separate legal entities and are funded by local councils, also received major problems. Obligations for training specialists, according to state order, were assumed by the state. And funding for such training from 2018 should be carried out by local authorities. In this case, property and other funds remain under the jurisdiction of the state, local authorities do not influence them, and accordingly, and can not fully participate in the maintenance of such institutions," Kostiantyn Pavlov stressed.
"Current funding is allocated only for salaries and scholarships, far from being fully paid for utility payments. Funds for conducting current repairs, updating and maintenance of the material base are not allocated at all," the MP emphasized.
Another problem - colleges and technical schools, which are financed from local budgets, will receive only a regional order. "Is not this a discriminatory approach? Moreover, not only Krivbass enterprises, but also Khmelnytsky, Lviv, Vinnitsa, and other regions have already lined up for the graduates of technical colleges of the same Kryvyi Rih University. At one time colleges and technical schools were created on a sectoral basis, and the training of specialists was of an extraterritorial nature, and their financing was at the expense of the state. As a result, the country received the most important - qualitatively trained technicians in all areas that were decisive for the domestic industry and the state budget," the politician noted.
"Pseudo-reformist changes have brought chaos and uncertainty to the activities of colleges and technical schools. Debts began to pay wages, debts on municipal payments arose," the parliamentarian stressed.
"Collectives of colleges and technical schools require as soon as possible to adopt a special Law of Ukraine "On Special Early Education" and return all colleges and technical schools for funding from the state budget.
The rejection of these important decisions leaves colleges and students with parents with one choice - to strike until the entire training of junior specialists for the economy of our state is destroyed," Kostiantyn Pavlov summarized.